什幺时候用to+动词,什幺时候用动词字尾加ing?

2020-06-16 阅读537 点赞299
什幺时候用to+动词,什幺时候用动词字尾加ing?

每月的视觉造句专栏,是从眼到口,从看懂逻辑到熟练说出口的过程,抓住讯息组合的逻辑,英文就能从单字到句子、从句子到段落,一直讲下去。

常看到一句话里会有两个动作,像是:

I want to have breakfast.
我想吃早餐。

I went swimming.
我去游泳了。

问题来了,什幺时候用to+动词,什幺时候用动词字尾加ing?

什幺时候用to+动词,什幺时候用动词字尾加ing?

这里不用硬记「名词、形容词、副词」,只需要感觉to V的「企图性」、了解句子的构成。后面会有更多练习。

什幺时候用to+动词,什幺时候用动词字尾加ing?

to sing

To sing on the stage is my goal.(在那个舞台上唱歌是我的目标。)

It is my goal to sing on that stage.

to play

Wilson wants to play video games.(威尔森想打电动。)

not to stay

否定的时候,not放在to V之前

I chose not to stay with my family.(我选择不和家人住。)

not to tell

Annie asked me not to tell anyone.(安妮要我不要告诉任何人。)

to understand

It is hard to understand his words.(要听懂他的意思很难。)

扮演形容词:修饰句子里面的名词

to do

I have something to do now.(我现在有事要做。)

to pay

You have another bill to pay.(你还有一张帐单要付。)

to start

I just don’t have the motivation to start reading.(我就是没有开始看书的动机。)

我们提到过,to + V的用法往往透露一种企图或对未来的打算,也因此经常出现在这些名词之后:Ability(能力)、attempt(企图)、decision(决定)、determination(决心)、promise(承诺)、permission(许可)、privilege(特权)、right(权利)。

试着自己造出句子,不确定对不对,写讯息给我们:ask@eisland.com.tw。

不定词扮演副词:修饰句子里的动词

to see

She came to see you.(她来看你。)

to get

I work so hard to get good grades.(我为了得到好成绩非常用功。)

to buy

We stopped to buy some snacks.(我们停下来买些点心。)

表达建议:这时候会省略to,直接接原形动词

(to) rest

You'd better rest a bit.(你最好休息一下。)

not (to) go

You'd better not go there alone.(你最好不要一个人去那裏。)

预定/温和要求:be动词 + to V,出现在比较正式的沟通里

to be held

The meeting is to be held next week.(会议预定于下周举办。)

会议是「被举办」,所以用被动式

to be avoided

Such mistakes are to be avoided.(这样的错误应该避免。)

V-ing 表达事情状态

dancing

Dancing is fun and good for your health.(跳舞好玩又有益健康。)

watching TV series

I enjoy watching TV series.(我很喜欢看影集。)

smoking

You should quit smoking as early as possible.(你应该尽早戒菸。)

hearing

I am used to hearing that.(我很习惯听到人家这幺说。)

moving

I am excited about moving to a new city.(我很兴奋要搬到一个新城市。)

leaving

Andy is sad about her leaving.(Andy对她的离去感到伤心。)

leaving名词化了,把she改成所有格her+名词 leaving文法才正确。